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What is UP3? 

Bozeman Health, Gallatin Valley Food Bank, Healthy Gallatin, Livingston Food Resource Center, and Montana State University Food and Health Lab are joining to conduct The Un-Processed Pantry Project (UP3). UP3, pronounced YOU – PEA – THREE, is a study that aims to improve the health of food pantry customers by increasing access to and intake of un-processed foods. The goal of UP3 is to create a framework that any food pantry in Montana or the United States can use to provide customers with un-processed food options, nutrition education, and health measures in order to address diet-related health concerns. If you are interested in learning more contact Principal Investigator, Carmen Byker Shanks, at cbykershanks@montana.edu or 406-600-7960

Why is UP3 important?

Research shows that in the United States, un-processed foods are harder to access, more expensive, and less convenient than ultra-processed foods. Ultra-processed foods contribute to chronic diseases across populations. The 2017 Community Health Needs Assessment Report conducted for Gallatin, Madison, and Park Counties of Montana shows that a large portion of the local population experiences low access to healthy foods. The report also shows that lower income populations are less likely to eat enough fruits and vegetables for health and are more likely to eat ultra-processed sugar sweetened beverages than much of the general population. Food pantries play a big role in providing healthy foods to low-income populations. UP3 is a solution.

How will UP3 be implemented?

UP3 focuses on four variables of a food pantry:
  1. Individual. Food pantries can play a role in providing nutrition education to customers. Study participants will meet with a registered dietitian for one hour at the beginning of the intervention to learn about the program. They will also go to nutrition classes and workshops to learn about un-processed foods and why they are important. Throughout the program, participants will receive un-processed food from the pantry to provide about 50% of a nutritious diet.
  2. Food Environment. The environment within a food pantry has the potential to influence customers to select un-processed foods. UP3 will implement strategies such as product placement, packaging, marketing, and sensory appeal to help participants choose more un-processed foods.
  3. Food Supply. The nutritional quality of foods supplied to food pantries can be improved by introducing policies that require donors, purchasers, and food banks to focus on more nutritious foods. The UP3 team will change the food pantries’ current policies to acquire more un-processed foods.
  4. Individual Health. UP3 will take place from March through June (16 weeks) with 40 food pantry customers that volunteer for the study at the Gallatin Valley Food Bank and Livingston Food Resource Center. The UP3 team will track a participant’s dietary intake and health measures to assess the impact of UP3 on health outcomes.

UP3 is supported by an Institutional Development Award (IDeA) from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under grant number 5P20GM104417.

The UnProcessed Pantry Project Framework to Address Nutrition in the Emergency Food System published in the American Journal of Public Health.

We developed the UnProcessed Pantry Project (UP3) framework to guide access to and consumption of nutritious food among food pantries, customers, and others in the emergency food system. Ultra-processed food has become ubiquitous across food environments, including food pantries, which are accessed by more than 40 million individuals each year in the U.S. Low-income populations, many of which are customers at food pantries, disproportionately consume ultra-processed food, which may contribute to an increased prevalence of nutrition-related chronic diseases. To address this disparity, UP3 helps customers and food pantry stakeholders to distinguish ultra-processed food from all other foods to guide changes in the food supply, support nutritious food choices, and encourage healthy food consumption. UP3 was developed by adapting the NOVA framework and the 2015 Dietary Recommendations for Americans to apply to the food pantry setting.

Please read our manuscript which further describes this important framework and share widely. Please do provide your thoughts about this framework. We welcome and encourage your feedback as we continue to develop and test UP3.


HRDC is a 501(c)3 non-profit Community Action Agency. HRDC instills hope, develops resources, designs solutions and changes lives. We envision a place where poverty has no impact because opportunities and quality of life are equally afforded to everyone.



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